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First Sierra Dental | Periodontal (gum) disease in Fresno

First Sierra Dental

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Periodontal (gum) disease



Periodontal (gum) disease is insidious. It is an infection of the gums that starts out as plaque, an opaque film on the teeth that hardens to form tartar. As tartar accumulates, it harbors bacteria that attack the soft tissue around the gums. There are 2 stages of gum disease, Gingivitis, the early stage and Periodontitis, the more intermediate to chronic stage of gum disease.

If Gingivitis is left untreated it will become Periodontitis and ultimately destroy the tissue surrounding your teeth AND the bone that holds your teeth in place. Except for bad breath and gums that bleed, there are very few early warning signals. The disease advances silently, often without pain, and before you know it, you are losing your teeth and you don't know why.

Tooth loss is only the most obvious indicator of gum disease. Scientific research has discovered linkage between gum disease and stroke, heart disease, diabetes - even an increased risk for pregnant women. When your gums become diseased, your entire immune system is weakened.

If you have bleeding gums and/ or you notice an odor, these may be signs of gum disease. Getting gum disease treated early can help you have a healthier and longer lasting smile.